Why it’s so important for kids to see diverse TV and movie characters

by:Y&M Crafts     2019-08-11
The hype around the \"Panther\" is as exaggerated as any feat its character may perform, and the film is praised for its layered story and for its actors known as \"Futurists.
\"The Panther\" will be combined with another film \"timely wrinkles\" with great potential and cross-racial actors.
But no matter how much or how much a winning movie like the Panther and the timely wrinkles has, our research strongly suggests another reason why they are important: children need a diverse media image.
To a large extent, they did not.
But some progress has been made. . .
Professor, School of Communications, Boston University
Earl barks began publishing the results of his content analysis on children\'s television.
His findings suggest a huge difference between the number of male and female characters and the number of white and non-white characters
White words.
In a 1983 study, Barcus analyzed more than 1,100 characters in 20 children\'s TV shows and found that only 42 were black.
Only 47 people belong to other groups than white people.
Since then, researchers have found that the animation world children see on TV is out of sync with their real environment.
Over the past seven years, we have continued to work on this topic at the children\'s television program (CTV) at the University of taffz, documenting images of different races, gender and Race in the most popular children\'s animation series.
We have also taken some measures to try to understand why there is still a stereotypical image in the 21 st century.
Finally, we started to develop methods to study and collect data on how children handle images they are exposed to on television.
To classify images seen by children, we have developed a system for coding the race, national identity, gender and age of major and minor characters in children\'s animated TV programs.
We have also added social linguistics to the analysis, because we know that children absorb vision and sound when dealing with the media.
The good news is that the world of children\'s animated TV is more diverse than in the past.
For example, we found that female characters are less than one.
The third of all roles.
Although this may seem frustrating, this is a significant improvement from the 1:6 ratio of F.
Earle Barcus has previously discovered that it is better than the ratio of 1: 4 found by communication professors Teresa Thompson and Eugenia Zerbinos in the 1990 s.
There is also more racial and ethnic diversity.
Black characters accounted for 5.
We have over 6% of the total sample of 1,500 characters.
(A study conducted by researchers Gilbert Mendelson and Morissa Young for children\'s television operations in 1972 found that more than 60% of their TV shows in the sample had no ethnic minority roles at all.
More in Asia or Asia
American characters (11.
6%), although this may be due to the popularity of some popular comics dominated by Asian characters, such as the legend of Cora.
\"The bad news is that there is still a long way to go. African-
Americans are estimated to represent 13 people.
3% of the United StatesS. population.
At the same time, 17 are Hispanic or Latino.
8% of the population, but we found that only 1 is Latin.
4% of our samples
In addition, stereotypes persist in the way characters are drawn and dialogue, using non-
American accent and dialect
We saw this in a role like a doctor.
The Nightmare Moon in Doofenshmirtz or My Pony: Friendship Is Magic from \"Phineas and Feb.
To understand why stereotypes still exist, we interviewed some people who wrote, directed, cast, and provided vocal talent for children\'s animated programming.
While we haven\'t finished this part of the study yet, economic pressures seem to force creators of children\'s animation programs to rely on stereotypes as a shorthand.
For example, a director of a popular children\'s animation program tells us that \"if something has worked before, even if\" something \"is stereotypical, you tend to use it againAn African-
The American voice actor, who is reportedly auditioning, was told to make something that sounds \"city\", a code word for a more rigid African language --
American dialect
But the real question is why it\'s all important.
Studies from many fields have shown that it is important for children to see not only themselves and their families, but also their roles.
There is a relationship between low self
In addition to the associations between poor self, self-esteem and negative media descriptions of ethnic groups
Respect and lack of description for a particular group.
Others have found that media distortion of ethnic groups may lead to confusion among children of these groups about all aspects of their identity.
In our study of how children deal with vision and sound in the animated world, we developed a method to show children images of different animated faces and to play sounds using different dialects.
Then we ask the children to tell us whether this person is a good person or a bad person or they don\'t know.
We follow up on this by asking them why they think they have done something.
Although our research is not deep enough to provide clear answers to our questions, we do have some preliminary findings.
First, the children noticed the difference.
We found out first. and second-
Grade children, when faced with various painted cartoon character faces they have never seen before, there is no problem dividing them into \"good\" and \"bad\" characters.
In fact, many children already have clear ideas and are able to tell us with minimal information why they think a particular character might be a long story of a hero or villain.
Sometimes it seems to be based on the fact that they think a character looks like another media character they \'ve seen.
They then assume that a face they show looks like a \"princess\" or a \"person in jail \".
\"Due to the lack of diversity in the children\'s television world, it is not surprising that children use such little information to make connections.
But given our knowledge of the prevalence of stereotypes, it is also a bit shocking that children seem to have quickly made attribution to who is good and who is bad.
It is important that children not only have different characters, but they have different features.
For the role
The American accent, but good people-not just bad people-should also be there.
Heroes can be male and female or non-male
White characters don\'t need to be relegated to the following role: they can play the main role.
This brings us back to why these new films are so groundbreaking.
Yes, the Panther shows a movie about black superheroes that can break the box --office records.
Yes, timely wrinkles is the first film directed by a woman of color worth $100 million.
But beyond that, the films break the pattern by showing the complexity and diversity of black men and women\'s experiences.
If more films, TV shows and animated series follow suit, perhaps we will eventually surpass the underdeveloped and stereotypical characters children have been exposed to for a long time.
Julie dobbroke, senior lecturer, Elliot-
Pearson Department of Child Research and Human Development, University of taftz;
Calvin jidney, associate professor at Elliott
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