How farmers and wildlife biologists in Karnataka devised a unique method to manage man-animal conflict

by:Y&M Crafts     2019-08-23
Special correspondent Virat A Singh and photographer Aadesh Choudhari travel to several villages in the area to learn about this new model, and see if it can deal with elephants before 2002 in Maharashtra when seven thick rats enter Sindhudurg from Karnataka and then decide to settle there.
Their sudden arrival caused quite a stir among the locals.
Animal conflicts began to spread.
Several states tried to solve the problem with \"engineering\" solutions, but failed.
Now, wildlife biologists, forest departments and farmers in the Kanara area in the north of Karnataka have occupied a larger community --
The underlying approach to conflict management is achieving results.
Nandesh Patil, a farmer in the town of haryar, Karnataka, carefully mixed red pepper pods and tobacco with some other ingredients.
The mixture is tied up with hay and paper and lightly ignited to produce smoke.
Coughing and sneezing, pattier proudly claims that this chuddy (grass bundle)
He has helped him drive the elephant away from the farm many times. The 46-year-
Old owns 10 acres of land in Kyatangera village, growing sugar cane and rice.
Elephants like to enjoy these crops during the annual migration.
The NowPatil approach is considered to be one of the success stories of the community
Conflict-based management (CBCM)
Elephant models currently implemented by the Wildlife Research and Conservation Association (WRCS)
In Nala, North Carolina
Dr. Prachi Mehta, wildlife biologist and executive director of WRCS, explained that they have been training farmers since 2011 to use simple, low
Cost crop protection technology to reduce elephant damage in Nala, North Carolina.
The model has produced positive results.
Mehta added that confidence-building measures are being widely implemented in Africa and have achieved significant success.
In fact, according to the WRCS study, 80% of the barriers (
Including EPT and solar fence)
They lost their effectiveness in the second year of construction.
\"When these solutions start to fail nationwide, the next solution that is being considered is capture and remove or relocate.
But research by biologists has shown that these methods are not successful except for unscientific ones . \" What\'s even more worrying is that some states have even asked to declare the elephant vermins and \"dump\" the elephant.
According to her, improvements in irrigation facilities have led to an increase in the area of sugarcane and rice cultivation.
This leads to the occupation of woodlands, and the trend shows that humans-
Over time, elephant clashes in North Carolina will only increase.
\"If elephants and locals have to work together
It is important to minimize the adverse effects of each other\'s existence and activities.
\"Through this project, we introduced the concept of CBCM, which allows local communities to effectively protect methods and reduce crop losses caused by elephants,\" said Mehta . \".
She acknowledged that the CBCM model has not yet been popularized in India and informed that through the program they are setting an example for the community with simplicity and lowCost technology.
\"Elephants are discouraged from entering fields using deterrent methods such as night guards, travel alerts, and pepper smoke.
\"If they do enter the field, they will be driven away by effective avoidance techniques,\" Mehta said . \" Even if these methods are not foolproof, he added, several elephants must be used to learn quickly.
However, farmers who use these methods have been able to save up to 75% of their crops.
However, even if we see the advantages of the CBCM model, its challenges cannot be ignored.
\"It is not easy for farmers to be persuaded.
In fact, when we started in Karnataka in 2011, there was little support.
The farmers made fun of us and our thoughts.
Another major problem is that they want to solve the problem immediately and expect the government or the forest sector to solve the problem, \"shares ta shared.
Kyatangera resident Patil pointed to 2015 photos of his partially destroyed sugarcane field and smiled and said that he could save 70% of his crops by using firecrackers and pepper cigarettes.
Like Patil, nearly 500 farmers in 12 villages of Yellapore and Haliyal Forest Division invaded their fields from August to February, and now a Crop Protection Committee has been set upCPC).
In addition, WRCS encourage them to protect their crops and train them to set up travel alerts, chili powder, cookies and even swing fireballs using items such as doorbell.
Villagers at Kyatangera say the forest department is almost 10-
15 days before the elephant herd arrived near the village.
The CPC then proceeded to act, following the established agreement under which the first task was to prepare watchtowers on several trees around the farm for night guards.
Ravi Yellapore, project officer for the wwrcs project in North Kamala CBCM, explained the early warning system.
Elephants usually enter the fields at night, he said.
So, after several experiments, they began to train farmers to install the alarm clock.
\"There is a nylon rope on the market\'s battery operated doorbell.
The boundary of the farm is fixed with this rope.
As soon as the elephant tries to get in, the nylon rope rings an alarm and plays loud music.
\"It surprised the animals and reminded the farmers of their existence,\" he shared . \".
Another popular method is to use a pepper rope.
Elephants can smell ripe, harvested, or stored crops.
The farmers tied around the harvested crop with a rope dipped in green pepper and tobacco powder sauce.
Even after all this, if the elephants manage to enter the fields, the farmers will burn a few peppers.
Based on deterrence, they were ready for use almost a month before the elephant arrived.
\"Chu di-a nearly 10-foot-tall straw bundle full of red pepper pods, tobacco and coconut shells ---
\"Hanging vertically near the farm border allows to burn slowly and produce strong spicy smoke,\" Patil shared . \" He added that the smell of a mixture of pepper and tobacco can stimulate elephants.
Trained farmers also use pop-up windows to fire noisy biscuits to scare off animals.
However, be careful not to target the body of any elephant.
Another technique that is actively used is swing.
\"A ball made of an old rag or cloth is immersed in kerosene and connected to one end of the long chain.
The fabric is then lit and swayed in a round way.
\"With the flame, there is a rocking sound that usually drives the elephant away,\" says Yellapore . \" They also trained forest staff to do so, he added.
\"We spent a lot of time with the farmers and taught them these methods.
\"After seeing their losses decrease, even they began to believe the pattern,\" says Yellapore . \" He added that it also reduces the farmers \'need to trample on all of these mild giants who eat very little.
Even so, WRCS members acknowledge that the CBCM model is not 100% foolproof.
When elephants get used to them and are no longer afraid, one cannot use the same deterrent again and again.
\"We have been training farmers to use these deterrence subtly and mix different types to keep the surprise elemen,\" said Dr. Prachi Merchant, a wildlife biologist and executive director of WRCS . \".
The largest mammals on the land are afraid of small bees, which undoubtedly inspires several farmers in North Kamala who have begun to build beehives around the farm.
WRCS are also conducting experiments.
After the initial success, is now trying to build low
Spending a hive in pottery jars, bamboo and large leaf bees not only helps prevent mammo elephants from approaching the farm, but can also provide farmers with economic benefits in the form of honey.
\"This is a meeting with Dr. Lucy King, head of Elephant Rescue (STE)
In 2009, the head of the elephant and bee program in Kenya helped us start this new chapter, \"added Dr. Mehta, who gave her bee sound audio clips for her experiments in India.
Back in Karnataka, Mehta began testing the effects of beeps on elephants in a camp in Shimoga.
It is observed that the sound actually scared the elephant.
\"We also want to see how it affects the wildlife.
So, we did experiments in fields where wild elephants live on crops.
We were shocked when they ran away as soon as they heard the buzz, \"she said, adding that it is understood that highly intelligent elephants will soon find these sounds empty threats.
\"So, we are starting to encourage farmers to build honeycomb fences,\" she said . \".
The hive fence is a series of hive colonies colonised by Indian bees, keeping equal distance from each other and tied to a wired fence on the periphery of the farm.
\"Once the elephant tries to enter the farm, the hive shakes and the bees inside come out in droves, forcing the elephant to retreat,\" Mehta said . \".
WRCS also keep in touch with beekeepers to ensure that beehives made in logs and flower pots are able to colonize quickly.
\"Our work has been successful and farmers have given us encouraging feedback.
The only problem is that the hive can attract lazy bears and even thieves.
They must therefore be built in a way that does not attract attention, \"she said.
Forest Guard Sunil Kuri-
A one-year-old recruit from the Maharashtra Forest Department, serving in the \"elephant\"
The \"trouble\" Ajara series of Kolhapur division--
Not only did he want to convince his fellow guards, but he also wanted to convince the farmers
There is indeed a cost intervention to stop these mild giants.
Kuri and Kolhapur, as well as eight other forest guards from Sawantwadi, are part of a seminar organized by WRCS at Kali Tiger Reserve in Karnataka, where participants explore and discuss various ideas, the advantages and disadvantages of using various deterrence against elephants were also discussed.
The ranger who has been working in the forest sector of Maharashtra for the past 13 years, Chandrakant Pavaskar, who has been in Chandgadh for seven of these years
Elephant conflict zone
They have been using some low, he said.
But the real problem is the lack of support from the community.
\"People want the forest sector to do anything,\" he said . \".
At the same time, Dr. Mehta warned that in the past few years, many villagers of up to Maga and savavadi sold their farms and land in their private forests to Cameroon for a one-off price
These growers have now begun planting oil palms, rubber, coconuts and bananas in the forest for commercial use.
She said the use of land should be avoided.
\"We hope that the Maharashtra forestry department will be able to draw a little bit of experience from the work being done in the villages of Harry and yarlawal, where, compared to the conflict they face, conflict mehta said: \"However, the work is being done with the community,\" In addition, the CBCM model can be easily replicated in several villages in Maharashtra.
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